FiDive provides a QA list to answer the common questions to spearfishing based on the above article.
It is a method of fishing by using spear-like gears to hunt the targeting preys. Spearfishing is usually done by freediving.
The ocean is an important source for people to obtain food, and to better foraging in the ocean for larger, faster preys, the early prototype of a spear pole was developed, thus opening a new chapter in the history of human fishing. Today, many groups live off the sea still rely on spearfishing as their major livelihood while spearfishing is also turning into a recreational activities for freedivers.
The early practice of spearfishing can be dated back to over 16,000 years old according to the cave art in Cosquer Cave in Southern France as the drawings of seals appear to have been harpooned.
Polespear, Hawaiian Sling, and Speargun are the most common gears for spearing fish and each is with different purpose and function. Also, a spearfishing knife, gloves, and efficient long fins for moving through a strong current would be necessary
Yes, you need to apply for a permit before spearfishing. However, it is mostly dependent on the regulations of one region. For example, in Taiwan, you need a permit only when you use a speargun. Using other means of fishing are not regulated by the government. In some recreational operations, you will receive a provisional permit for spearfishing.
In most of the situations, it is positive. Spearfishing is much more eco-friendly compared to capture fishery or other methods of fishing because it is highly selective, having no by-catch, causing no habitat damage, nor creating pollution or harm to protected endangered species.